environmental impact of meat production essay
Other such cases include H5N1 avian influenza (bird flu) that spread from chicken and killed many people in Hong Kong (Smil, 2002). Life cycle assessment (LCA) research method was used for assessing environmental impacts of large-scale cultured meat production. Currently, U.S is the highest meat-consuming nation in the world. Around 44% of emissions are in the form of methane, and 29% are from nitrous oxide. Currently, U.S is the highest meat-consuming nation in the world. It will then go on to discuss the way the international community should address global food security while reducing the animal agriculture industries effect on the environment. In the early 1900s over 6000 small rural farms provided the meat consumed in the United States. Just because humans make use of various environmental services, it does not mean that human use is the only reason for their creation. Animal agriculture, which includes livestock species (pigs, cattle, sheep, and goats) and poultry (chickens, turkeys, ducks, and geese), plays an integral part in the current food industry and yet its impact on the environment, natural resources, and on other organisms is not widely understood. It will then go on to discuss the way the international community should address global food security while reducing the animal agriculture industries effect on the environment. A pre and post test through Google Forms was administered to study the effect of this education on the subject’s likelihood of eating meat. Humans and non humans are subject-of-a-life and experience pain, suffering, and various emotions. Its assumed that cars produce most if not all the greenhouse gas emissions however livestock has a big say in air pollution. Technological advancements of product Ad campaigns can make a big difference by increasing consumer knowledge about animal rights, meat production, and its negative social as well as environmental impacts (Vinnari, 2008). In order to produce meat, livestock has to be raised, fed, and slaughtered. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. There is one issue at the heart of all these global problems that, Environmental issues such as global warming, water pollution, climate change and many more, are influencing every human, animal, and nation. Christopher Hyner, Managing Editor of Georgetown Environmental Law Review, states, “Climate change. 22nd May 2017 These unnatural conditions not only increase stress for the animal but also leads to higher occurrence of density-promoted diseases. Utilitarianism focuses on creating maximum benefit for maximum number of people. With depleting natural resources, such as water and land cover, it will become harder to meet the demands of the growing human population. Social impacts include humans as well as animals and contemporary methods of meat production tend to overlook these impact. Not only is the treatment of animals inhumane in most of these facilities, but also these facilities are not exactly hygienic and do not ensure that the meat produced is fit for human consumption. Animals also are entitled to have certain natural rights, such as the right to life (Regan, 1980). There has been a lot of recent media coverage on the World Health Organization’s (WHO) declaration that processed meats can cause cancer. Study for free with our range of university lectures! Reference this. How Do Implicit Attitudes Influence How We Respond to Other? There has been a lot of recent media coverage on the World Health Organization’s (WHO) declaration that processed meats can cause cancer. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) said that that two of the major problems in Sudan- land degradation and desertification are caused by “an explosive growth in livestock numbers”( Koneswaran & Nierenberg, 2008). Most affected by the industry are poor people in developing countries who depend on resources being exploited by the meat industry’s unsustainable practices. Excessive meat production consumes most of the crop production that could have fed millions of people around the world. As consumers we can make certain lifestyle changes such as switching to meat analogues or mock meat, and reducing our real meat consumption. Looking for a flexible role? Meat packing is United States’ one of most dangerous occupations. Nitrous oxide, on the other hand, is primarily caused by the dairy industry, known to be 300 tim… Organizations such as Mercy for Animals which is an activist group that speak out against such poor treatment of the animals used for our consumption (SOURCE) while people such as Upton Sinclair became part of a catalyst for an industry wide revolution for the workers through his 1906 novel, gradually over time, the consumer has become further and further removed from food production and agriculture. Water scarcity is already a problem in many countries as around two billion people suffer from the lack of it and it is estimated that the number of people facing water scarcity will double by the year 2030 (Bennet & Balvanera, 2007). Therefore, it can be concluded that minimal education on the harmful environmental effects of the livestock industry will, Meat Production and Environmental Health The Environmental Impacts Of The Meat Industry Christopher Hyner, Managing Editor of Georgetown Environmental Law Review, states, “Climate change. Two powerful greenhouse gases, methane and nitrous oxide associated with livestock production, contribute more to global warming than carbon dioxide (McMichael, Powles & Uauy, 2007). Environmental Sciences It therefore supports reducing meat consumption as not only does production of meat require more land, water and energy usage than production of crops, it leads to inequitable distribution of food around the world. The concept of ahimsa and ethics of care is the antithesis of the meat industry. Limited benefits being employment, pleasures of taste, profits for industry, and harm being damage done to the environment. Today that number has fallen to 2000, 95% of which are what we typically call “factory farms” (Dimitri, 2). Other practices that question meat industry practices include inflicting pain by castration, branding, dehorning, beak trimming, and inadequate stunning before slaughter. The environmental impact of meat in hand with agricultural production is often hidden by the cheap prices of meat in grocery stores across the U.S. What these prices do not show us is the hidden toll that meat production is taking on our environment. Meat industry is one of those sectors that are one of the biggest contributors of global gas emissions and have big environmental and social impacts. This is nearly 20% and can be greatly reduced if people reduced their demand for meat. A big negative impact of the meat industry can be seen in Latin America which has seen the largest net loss of forests and greatest emission of stored carbon dioxide into the atmosphere (Koneswaran & Nierenberg, 2008). Half of the energy produced from fossil fuel goes into heating, cooling and ventilation of these facilities and the other half goes into producing seeds, herbicides, pesticides and in the operation of farm machinery (Koneswaran & Nierenberg, 2008). If we compare the costs of meat production to the benefits, we will realize that the cost and harm is much greater than the limited benefits that are achieved. “The past half century has seen marked growth in food production, allowing for a dramatic decrease in the proportion of the world’s people that are hungry, despite a … VAT Registration No: 842417633. Ocean dead zones. Global meat production rose to a new peak of 308.5 million tons in 2013, according to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), a more than fourfold increase over the last five decades. In the next few decades, meat consumption is expected to increase. One of the fastest growing industries in the world today is the meat/livestock industry. Specific environmental health issues related to industrial meat production include water pollution/waste and climate change. Livestock production which includes deforestation for grazing land and producing soy feed for animals, carbon lost from soil that is grazed, energy used for growing feed crops, for processing and transporting grains and meat, nitrous oxide released from the use of nitrogenous fertilizers, and gases like methane from animal manure and enteric fermentation all contribute to greenhouse gas emissions. Meat industry has an egoistic approach in that it focuses on meeting short term interests of economic prosperity while ignoring the long term negative impact on the environment. If we consider religious ethics then Hinduism advocates practicing Ahimsa or non- violence with fellow creatures as it stresses “acting with care.” Ahimsa is quite similar to the western philosophy of ethics of care (feminist ethics) in that it also emphasizes having non-harmful intent in all actions and absence of enmity toward other people and animals. We also see lack of care and concern for people who are affected by industrial practices. This is the question… It puts an emphasis on values such as caring and advocates maintaining relationships with peace and harmony. Yet, the meat industry business seems to be unperturbed by the state of the environment, inhumane treatment of animals, or the unhygienic conditions in which they are kept which leads to spread of diseases like bird flu in humans. It is usually the poor countries that suffer from climactic changes. Deforestation. As agriculture practices vary amongst the world the livestock sector incorporates both extensive pasture-based and factory farm production. Forests and soils act as carbon sinks as they hold much of the carbon dioxide. Mad cow disease was caused by feeding ground sheep brains to cows and unfortunately it is still widely used practice in animal husbandry. At the moment, livestock production is responsible for contributing to the negative environmental effects because livestock production results in greenhouse gas emissions, livestock production requires a lot of water, and livestock production takes up a lot of agricultural land. It’s easy to see the negative effects on the environment and why it’s ethically wrong in that sense. In countries like the US, cattle are grain fed as so it can grow bigger faster. in countries with low to middle incomes (McMichael, Powles & Uauy, 2007). According to FAOSTAT, around 56 billion animals are reared and slaughtered for human consumption every year and this number is only going to increase over time, primarily in the developing world (Koneswaran & Nierenberg, 2008). These fertilizers are produced in factories that depend on fossil fuel energy. Governments can play their part by transferring agricultural production away from meat production in countries where meat production is the highest (Vinnari, 2008). Raising livestock for animal. Waste water loaded with nitrate and animal excrement often seeps into groundwater.


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