licio gelli nobel prize

[13] Following this report, which also claimed that the CIA had been involved in the assassination of the Swedish Prime minister Olof Palme, then President Francesco Cossiga requested the opening of investigations while the CIA itself officially denied these allegations. [30] He was wanted in connection with the 1982 collapse of the Banco Ambrosiano [31] and on charges of subversive association in connection with the 1980 Bologna railway station bombing, which killed 85 people. In 1996, Gelli was nominated as a candidate for the Nobel Prize in Literature. He was born in Pistoia, Tuscany. "Ex-head of Secret Masonic Lodge, Licio Gelli, Surrenders to Judge". [5] He had four diplomatic passports issued by Argentina, and has been charged in Argentina with falsification of official documents. [14] A list of alleged adherents was found by the police in Gelli's house in Arezzo in March 1981, containing 962 names, among which were important state officials, some important politicians and a number of military officers, including the heads of the three Italian secret services. In 1996, Gelli was nominated as a candidate for the Nobel Prize in Literature.[2]. [7] Gelli was also named minister plenipotentiary for cultural affairs in the Argentine embassy in Italy, thus providing him with diplomatic immunity. During the 1930s, Gelli volunteered for the Blackshirts expeditionary forces sent by Mussolini in support of Francisco Franco's rebellion in the Spanish Civil War. [10], In 1990 a report on RAI Television alleged that the CIA had paid Gelli to foment terrorist activities in Italy. In 2003 Gelli told La Repubblica that it seemed that the P2 "democratic rebirth plan" was being implemented by Silvio Berlusconi: ... ↑ "Licio Gelli cuenta cómo inició a …

✪ Inside the Brotherhood - 5 of 6 (based on martin short book - Inside the brotherhood), ✪ Smrt i život Licio Gelli - Feliksove priče #023. ✪ Massoneria P2, Assemblee di Dio in Italia, CIA, L. Gelli, F. Gigliotti. Brenneke's background was also investigated by a U.S. Senate subcommittee, which dismissed Brenneke's claims of CIA employment. 1992-10-13. The Guardian. [42], In April 1998 the Court of Cassation confirmed a 12-year sentence for the Ambrosiano crash. [40][41], A few years after the Ambrosiano scandal, many suspects pointed toward Gelli with reference to his possible involvement in the murder of the Milanese banker Roberto Calvi, also known as "God's banker", who had been jailed in the wake of the collapse of Banco Ambrosiano. Gelli was expelled from GOI freemasonry on October 31, 1981, and the P2 scandal provoked the fall of Arnaldo Forlani's cabinet in June 1981 [17], The P2 lodge had some form of power in Italy, given the public prominence of its members, and many observers still consider it to be extremely strong. He also approved of Berlusconi's reorganization of TV networks.[2]. On March 17, 1981 a police raid on his villa in Arezzo led to the discovery of a list of 962 persons composed of Italian military officers and civil servants, including the heads of the three Italian secret services, involved in Propaganda Due (also known as "P2"), a clandestine lodge expelled from the Grande Oriente d'Italia Masonic organization. [30] In July 1988 he was absolved of charges of subversive association by a Bologna court but was presented with a five-year prison term for slander, having side-tracked the investigation into the 1980 bombing of the Bologna train station. During the 1930s, Gelli volunteered for the Blackshirts expeditionary forces sent by Mussolini in support of Francisco Franco's rebellion in the Spanish Civil War,[1] and subsequently became a liaison officer between the Italian government and Nazi Germany, with contacts including Hermann Göring. There is no mention either in the article or in a separate section what he wrote - the Repubblica source says poetry, I think - or who nominated him. In April 1998, the Court of Cassation confirmed a 12 year sentence for the Ambrosiano crash. The Mafia also wanted to prevent Calvi from revealing how the bank had been used for money laundering. On the run, Gelli escaped to Switzerland where he was arrested on September 13, 1982 while trying to withdraw tens of millions of dollars in Geneva. He participated in the Italian Social Republic with Giorgio Almirante, founder of the neofascist Italian Social Movement (MSI). Yasser Arafatat [1] One of his most spine chilling quotations was “Peace for us means the destruction of Israel. The year 1992 also saw the beginning of the trial of 16 members of the P2 Masonic Lodge, which included charges of conspiracy against the state, espionage, and the revelation of state secrets.

[29], Finally, Gelli surrendered in 1987 in Switzerland to investigative judge Jean-Pierre Trembley.

However, stipulations connected to his extradition prevented him from serving time. [35] In April 1994 Gelli received a 17-year sentence for divulging state secrets and slandering the investigation, while the court threw out the charge that P2 members conspired against the state;[36] Gelli's sentence was reduced, and he was placed under house arrest two years later. Licio Gelli (born 1919) died on Tuesday, 15 December, at the age of 96 at his house, Villa Wanda, in Arezzo. [6], As grand master of Propaganda Due, Gelli allegedly assumed a major role in Gladio's "strategy of tension" in Italy, starting with the 1969 Piazza Fontana bombing. Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea! [29] Gelli had already been sentenced in absentia to 14 months in jail by a court in San Remo for illegally exporting money from Italy. He was sentenced to two months in prison in Switzerland, while an Italian court sentenced him on December 15, 1987, in absentia, to 8 years in prison on charges of financing right-wing terrorist activity in Tuscany in the 1970s. The Vatican bank, Istituto per le Opere di Religione, main share-holder of the Banco Ambrosiano, consequently had a "black hole" of $250 million. Several members of the Argentine military junta have been found to be P2 members, such as Raúl Alberto Lastiri, Argentina's interim president from July 13, 1973 until October 12, 1973, Emilio Massera, part of Jorge Videla's military junta from 1976 to 1978, and José López Rega, the infamous founder of the Argentine Anticommunist Alliance ("Triple A"). 1988-07-11. [35] In July 1988 he was absolved of charges of subversive association by a Bologna court but was presented with a five-year prison term for slander, having side-tracked the investigation into the 1980 bombing of the Bologna train station. [4] As Master of the Propaganda Due (P2) lodge, Gelli had ties with very high level personalities in Italy and abroad, in particular in Argentina, where he was a fugitive for many years. In December 2007 Licio Gelli signed a life rights agreement with New York based producer Gabor Harrach.

"Italian Bank Scam Fugitive Surrenders in Switzerland", "Gelli, Fugitive Italian Financier, Gives Himself Up in Switzerland,", "Conspiracy suspect extradited Gelli shipped to Italy amid tight security,", "Top Italian fugitive Licio Gelli arrested in France,", "Italian justice and interior ministers win confidence vote,", Movimiento Revolucionario Nacional Sindicalista, 1980 bombing of the Bologna train station, Gelli's name, however, was not in the final indictment, "Giustizia, tv, ordine pubblico è finita proprio come dicevo io", Carlos Bartffeld, Mason y Amigo de Massera, Fue Embajador en Yugoslavia Cuando Se Vendieron Armas a Croacia - En el mismo barco, "Licio Gelli cuenta cómo inició a Perón en la masoneria]", http://www.litaliano.it/index.php?Itemid=270&catid=1:ultime&id=766:intervista-esclusiva-a-licio-gelli&option=com_content&view=article, http://www.26noticias.com.ar/enlace-al-mundo-mason-la-segunda-parte-del-informe-158414.html, Hot Money and the Politics of Debt By R. T. Naylor, Second Death: Licio Gelli, The P2 Masonic Lodge and The Plot to Destroy Juan Peron, "The War They Wanted, the Lies They Needed", "El poder en el mundo después de la "tangente, Processo Calvi, la sentenza dopo 25 anni assolti Pippo Calò e gli altri imputati, Omicidio Calvi: archiviato procedimento contro Licio Gelli, "«Licio Gelli si merita la vittoria»: parola di Madre Teresa e Mahfuz", Site of Italian newspaper "Il Piave" where Gelli writes regularly, https://infogalactic.com/w/index.php?title=Licio_Gelli&oldid=38285, Articles with Spanish-language external links, Articles with Italian-language external links, Pages using infobox person with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2014, Recipients of the Order of the Liberator General San Martin, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, About Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core. I look at the country, read the newspaper, and think: "All is becoming a reality little by little, piece by piece. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

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